ILLICIT DRUG TRAFFICKING
 
 

illicit
Illegal drug trafficking is the most prevalent illegal drug activity. In the Philippines, prevalent drugs being smuggled and trafficked include heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine hydrochloride popular as shabu – the most preferred drug yet most expensive in the Philippines.

According to the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) these are the commonly abused substances:
(1) Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
(2) Cannabis (Marijuana)
(3) Inhalants (Contact Cement)

Legal Initiatives
Republic Act (RA) 9165, otherwise known as “The Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002”, strengthened the government’s campaign against the illegal drug trade and abuse. The law provides stiffer penalties for illegal drug possession and pushing, and at the same time, provided protection for the citizen. This law also mandated the creation of the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) and the reorganization of the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB).
Information Exchange
National Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee Sub-Committee on Dangerous Drugs and Controlled Chemicals (NALECC-SCDDCC)

  • A venue of coordination for agencies responsible for the concerns on dangerous drugs and controlled chemicals.
  • Chaired by the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency.

Philippine Drug Situation
Based on anti-drug intelligence and negation operations conducted nationwide, the country remains to be both a producing and consuming country of illegal drugs. Based on drug-related arrests in 2015, shabu remains to be the primary drug of abuse in the Philippines with 95.45%, followed by marijuana with 4.30%, and 0.25% were related to ecstasy, cocaine, nubain, diazepam, and ephedrine seizures.
Illegal Drug Price
Prices of illegal drugs vary depending on the area and type of drugs being sold. For 2015, the price of shabu ranges from P1,200 to P10,000 per gram, while marijuana is valued at P18 to P300 per gram. Price of ecstasy ranges from P1,200 to P3,000 per tablet and price of cocaine ranges from P5,000 to P7,000 per gram.
Illegal Drug Affectation
As of December 2015, 11,321 (26.93%) out of the 42,036 barangays in the country were affected by illegal drugs. Metro Manila remained to be the most affected region with 99.26% or 1,574 of the 1,706 barangays. Regions 4A and 7 followed with 49.28% and 48.82% of their barangays, respectively, were affected.
Law Enforcement
Conduct of Anti-Drug Operations
For 2015, around 50% of anti-drug operations are buy-bust operations.  The least conducted is controlled delivery. Controlled delivery, however, has been effective in intercepting the smuggling of illegal drugs through freight or parcel.
illicit
The following is the summary of accomplishments of PDEA and other law enforcement agencies in the Philippines:

Volume of Illegal Drugs Seized

Particulars

Volume

Value (in PHP)

Shabu

598.81 kg

P 2,390,774,100.76

     Mixed Shabu and Ephedrine

11.95 kg

P 35,859600.00

Marijuana

     Bricks

604.92 kg

P 59,128,078.81

     Dried Leaves

427.43 kg

P 32,301,828.28

     Fruiting Tops

370.42 kg

P 46,528,306.33

     Hashish

289.27 kg

P 46,283.34

     Plants

1,396,123 pieces

P 277,277,800.00

     Seedlings

527,344 pieces

P 39,516,550.00

     Stalks

767.31 kg

P 95,903,354.44

     Seeds

29.25 kg

P 731,274.81

     MJ Teabags

0.00365 kg

 

    MJ Sticks

21 pieces

P 315.00

Cocaine

11.49 kg

P 56,165,054.50

Heroin

1.99 kg

P 14,000,000.00

Ecstasy

2,902 tablets

P 4,368,000.00

Ephedrine

49.75 kg

P 17,417,961.68

Other Dangerous Drugs

 

 

     Alprazolam (altrox)

139 tablets

 

     Alprazolam

1.65 kg

 

     Clonazepam

0.010 kg

 

     Cocaine, Phenaceth, and Levamisole

0.0042 kg

 

     Codeine

0.012 kg

 

     Diazepam/ Valium

2,073 tablets

 

     Ephedrine

56 vials

 

     Ketamine

89 tablets

 

     Lorazepam

10.49 kg

 

     Morphine

0.328 kg

 

     Mogadon Tablets

6,155 tablets

P 923,235.00

     Midazolam

0.638 kg

 

     Methylphenidate

0.025 kg

 

     Nubain Ampules

1,714 kg

P 119,980.00

     Nor Ephedrine

0.0081 kg

 

     Pseudo Ephedrine

2.11 kg

P 1,899,180.00

     Pethidine

53 tablets

 

     Oxycontin/ Oxycodone

172 tablets

 

     Zolpidem

482 tablets

 

     Acetone

4,845 liters

P 1,051,365.00

     Ammonium Carbonate

1.5 kg

 

     Ammonium Bicarbonate

0.00012 kg

 

     Barium Sulfate

6.5 kg

 

     Activated Carbon

33.17 kg

P 995,100.00

     Choloroform

2 liters

 

     Diethyl Ether

2,500 liters

P 6,250,000.00

     Hydrochloric Acid

283.50 liters

 

     Iodine

250 kg

 

     Methanol

3.60 liters

 

     Palladium Chloride

0.234 kg

 

     Red Phosphorus

5 kg

 

     Sodium Acetate Anhydrous

2.34 kg

 

     Sodium Hydroxide

1,549.46 kg

P 2,324,185,830.00

     Sodium Chloride

21.96 kg

P 439,224.03

     Sulfuric Acid

60.45 liters

P 302,250.00

     Toluene

1,293.04

 

Non-Drug Evidences

 

P 5,533,500.00

TOTAL

 

P 5,411,718,271.98

Source: PDEA

 

Other National Campaign Against Illegal Drugs
Licenses and Permits Issuance
PDEA’s functions include regulation of the use of dangerous drugs and controlled precursors and essential chemicals (CPECS) through issuance of licenses and permits to individual and corporate practitioners.
illicit
PDEA also conducted physical security inspection (PSI) to 173 registered entities, license retirements inspection (LRI) to 89 registered entities, and compliance inspection (CI) to 124 registered entities.
Destruction of Seized Drug and Non-Drug Evidences
Pursuant to RA9165, Sec21, ceremonial destruction of seized pieces of drug and non-drug evidence were conducted. A total of 51 destruction ceremonies were conducted nationwide, destroying P928.76M worth of seized dangerous drugs including 108.88KG of shabu, 9.70KG of cocaine and marijuana plants, CPECs, and expired medicines.
Demand Reduction Activities
Information drive and strengthening partnership with non-government organizations and Anti-Drug Abuse Council were conducted. With this, the following were initiated:
illicit
Capacity Building
In support to the capacity enhancement program of the Philippine National Police, the AIDG Training Team continuously conducts lectures on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operations and Investigation and RA 9165 among members of the different PNP anti-drug units. The group initiated the following:

  • Seminars on Anti-Illegal Drugs Operations and Investigation – two (2);
  • Lectures on Managing Narcotics Investigation – six (6);
  • Seminars on Narcotics Investigation – five (5) and;
  • Seminar/Workshop on RA 9165 – one (1).

International Cooperation

  • RP-IDN MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU)
    • Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency and Indonesia’s Badan Narkotika Nasional (BNN) on Cooperation in Combating Illicit Trafficking and Abuse of Narcotics, Psychotropic Substances and their Precursors.
    • Signed on February 09, 2015 at the Reception Hall of the Malacañang Palace.
    • To promote cooperation between the two countries to combat illicit trafficking in narcotics, psychotropic substances and their precursors. Both will establish and maintain channels of communication between their agencies to facilitate the rapid and timely exchange of relevant information such as on cases involving Filipino drug courier(s) in Indonesia's death row.
  • RP-RU MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT (MOA)
    • Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency and the Federal Service of the Russian Federation for Narcotics Traffic Control on Cooperation in Combating New Psychoactive Substances (NPS).
    • Proposed by Russia in June 2015 and signed on November 18, 2015.
    • To strengthen cooperation to address problems relative to the production, spread, and abuse of new psychoactive substances through exchanges of information and advanced methods, advisory and expertise assistance, and conduct of research, among others.
  • RP-MX MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT (MOA)
    • PDEA and the Procurador General De La Republica of Mexico on Cooperation on Combating Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, their analogues, precursor chemicals and essential chemical products.
    • The agreements were signed during the state visit of Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto in the Philippines on November 17, 2015.

 

  • Bilateral with Colombia
    • During the APEC Summit 2015 held in the country, RP President Benigno S. Aquino III and Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos agreed to share best practices and experiences with regard to their respective counter-insurgency programs, peace negotiations and the war against illicit drug trafficking.
    • They also talked about expanding cooperation in energy and natural resources development and reinforcing their fight against transnational crime.
    • President Santos announced plans to open an Embassy in Manila in 2016.

Aside from the real-time intelligence and interoperability support being provided by our foreign counterparts such as United States Drug Enforcement Administration (USDEA), Taiwanese Economic and Cultural Office (TECO) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in combating illegal drugs, the following capacity enhancement trainings/courses sponsored by the said foreign agencies were conducted: 

illicit

 

 
@Copyright 2010 Philippine Center on Transnatinal Crime